The Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) has been prepared during project preparation for the Energy Sector Support Project (ESSP) which the Government of Malawi is implementing through the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining (MNREM). The ESSP is being funded by the World Bank through a Specific Investment Loan (SIL) amounting to US$84.7 million.
The project encompasses (i) rehabilitation, upgrading and expansion of existing electric transmission and distribution systems, (ii) funding of feasibility studies and preliminary design work for new hydropower plants and backbone transmission line, (iii) demand-side management and energy efficiency measures, and (iv) technical assistance and capacity building for ESCOM and MNREM.
The project development objective is to increase the reliability and quality of electricity supply in major load centres in Malawi. The results anticipated by the project include:
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Government of Malawi has developed the National Climate Change Management Policy
to address the adverse impacts of climate change. An Implementation, Monitoring and
Evaluation Strategy (IMES) has been developed to ensure that the Policy is fully and
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Climate change is a reality that nations have to deal with. The question is no longer if climate related disasters will occur, but what should be done to mitigate and adapt to the impacts.
While it is still debatable as to what should be done by developed and/or developing nations to respond to climate change, the impacts are already being felt everywhere.
Critical for Malawi, climate change impacts cut across many sectors of the economy, including agriculture, natural resources, health and education. Responses to climate change therefore have to be wide ranging and encompassing many aspects of the economy. Without a guiding framework, sectors respond to climate change whichever way they see fit. This results in piecemeal approaches to responding to climate change, which do not take advantage of the potential synergies that can be harnessed for the benefit of the nation.
The absence of a framework to coordinate all these piecemeal climate change interventions has left the country with quite a substantial amount of work being done but not being reported and therefore not accounted for at the appropriate levels.
It is against this background that the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining, through Environmental Affairs Department (EAD), has developed this National Climate Change Response Framework which will act as a guide to all stakeholders that are involved in responding to climate change challenges.
Biodiversity provides goods and services in the form of ecosystems, species and genetic resources
for human well-being and economic development. Malawi is endowed with unique flora, fauna
and ecosystems, which provide various benefits such as food, shelter, medicine, ecological as
well as cultural and spiritual services. The sustainability of biodiversity in Malawi is threatened
by habitat loss and fragmentation, overexploitation of biological resources, pollution, climate
change and infestation of invasive alien species. Despite all these threats, Malawi is committed to
improve the status and promote sustainable utilization of biodiversity in the country.
This National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan II is a framework for action that will guide
Malawi to sustainably manage its biodiversity. The Strategy outlines the status of the biological
resources in Malawi and provides strategies, targets and actions to be taken to ensure their
sustainable management.. This Strategy strives to attain improved capacity and knowledge
on biodiversity management; increased mainstreaming of biodiversity in sectoral and local
development policies and plans; reduced direct pressures on biodiversity; improved status of
biodiversity through safeguarding of ecosystems, species and genetic diversity; and enhanced
benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services. The strategy is in line with the Malawi
Growth and Development Strategy II, which prioritises biodiversity management programs
among other socio-economic and environmental issues.
This NBSAP was developed through a consultative process involving key stakeholders at
international, regional, national and local levels. I am confident that the same commitment that
prevailed during the revision process of this strategy will continue during its implementation.
The Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining is grateful to the Global Environmental
Facility (GEF) through the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) for the financial and
technical support rendered towards the development of this Strategy.
It is my sincere hope that this NBSAP will increase our appreciation of the rich biological resources
and that it will provide a strategic framework for improving environmental management in the
To sustainably manage the environment, climate, climate change, forests and other natural resources for socio-economic development of Malawi.
Conserve, protect and manage the environment, climate, forests and other natural resources for sustainable socio-economic development of Malawi.
A nation that sustainably develops, utilizes, and manages the environment, climate change, forests and their natural resources for the present and future generations.