Frequently Asked Questions

What is an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)?

What is an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)?

 

EIA is both a process and a tool for project planning and decision making. Its purpose is to:

 

  • Integrate environmental considerations in development planning thereby promoting sustainable livelihoods;
  • Ensure that the environmental and socio-economic costs and benefits of economic development projects are properly accounted for;
  • Ensure that unwarranted negative impacts are avoided or mitigated at an early stage in the planning process;
  • Ensure that potential benefits are identified and enhanced;
  • Carry out environmental and socioeconomic studies of projects in parallel with analyses of technical and economic feasibility;
  • Ensure that decision makers are provided with information on a project's environmental costs and benefits to complement information on its technical and economic feasibility at key decision points in the development of the project;
  • Ensure that all the affected and interested groups (grass-roots communities; government authorities, developers, investors, NGOs, donors etc.) participate in the process;
  • Set up a machinery to carry out mitigation and monitoring;
  • Promote inter and intra-sectoral linkages and
  • Conserve the social, historical and cultural values of people and their communities.

What is the Purpose of EIA Guidelines?

What is the Purpose of EIA Guidelines?

The purpose of these Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Malawi is to facilitate compliance with Malawi's EIA requirements by Government, project developers, donors and the general public. The guidelines will help to integrate environmental concerns in national development and will be applicable to all types of projects, in the public and private sectors, for which EIA studies may be or are required. It is expected that sectoral guidelines for specific types of projects (e.g. dams, roads, industrial parks) will be produced in due course by the responsible line agencies and donors in consultation with the Environmental Affairs Department.

Who are these guidelines addressed to?

Who are these guidelines addressed to?

These guidelines are intended for use by

  • Government ministries and departments;
  • Project developers;
  • The general public;
  • Consultants;
  • NGOs and environmental pressure groups