THIRD NATIONAL COMMUNICATION (TNC)
Malawi signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 10th June 1992 and ratified it on 21st April 1994. Malawi also ratified the Kyoto Protocol on 26th October 2001. As a Party both to the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol, Malawi is obliged, under Article 4.1 (a) to “Develop, periodically update, publish and make available to the Conference of Parties (CoP), in accordance with Article 12, national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol using comparable methodologies agreed upon by the CoP”. In 1999, Malawi sought and received funding from GEF for enabling activities for the preparation of the Initial Nation Communication (INC). The preparation of the INC in 2003, the National Adaptation Programme for Action (NAPA) in 2004, NAPA second education and the Second National Communication (SNC) in 2011 marked important milestones in Malawi’s contributions to the CoP of the UNFCCC. The preparation of the INC and SNC and their various components was coordinated by the Environmental Affairs Department as the Focal Point for UNFCCC activities in Malawi. A National Project Steering Committee was set up to oversee implementation of the various project activities. It comprised high level Experts drawn from key ministries, research institutions, the University and NGOs.
The findings of the INC, the NAPA and SNC are a true reflection of the climate change issues that Malawi faces and needs to address. The projected scenarios predict increased temperature, decreased rainfall, loss of arable land, increased deforestation and reduced water resources. Consequently, to address these issues, Malawi needs to approach them from a point of knowledge, accurate information on emissions and analysis of options and strategies are required.
Institutional arrangements and technical assistance
· The preparation of the TNC will utilize UNEP’s National Execution (NEX) modality with the Environmental Affairs Department (EAD) in the Ministry of Natural Resources Energy and Mining as the executing agency. The EAD will have the overall monitoring of the project to meet the objectives of the study, achieving results (outputs) and impact; and accounting for all financial resources to UNEP. The National Climate Change Technical Committee (NCCTC) will provide technical advice in the implementation of the project activities. The project will be coordinated by Project Manager within EAD who will be supported by a full time Project Officer employed under the project.
· These national experts will be drawn from key relevant sectors from Government ministries/departments, academic institutions, private sector organizations, including NGOs. The recruitment process will be based on UNEP rules and regulations, as agreed with the Malawi Government.
· UNEP will be consulted on all aspects during the implementation of the project. It will be fully informed of all activities through technical progress reports and financial statements and will also be invited to actively participate in all technical and policy workshops related to the project, so that it can provide useful guidance, inputs and contributions to ensure the successful implementation of the project.
· Technical support from other national, regional or international organizations and consultants will also be sought where and when necessary and appropriate. In addition, training workshops on the application of economic models and relevant energy models (including cost-benefit analysis) will be organized with the assistance of both national and, where appropriate, international consultants.